How the hottest Chinese construction machinery ent

2022-08-08
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How Chinese construction machinery enterprises solve the "parts" dilemma

How Chinese construction machinery enterprises solve the "parts" dilemma

China Construction machinery information

Guide: Recently, in the interview and investigation of the construction machinery industry, it was found that the production of key parts in most of China's construction machinery enterprises is still controlled by others. Relevant experts said that the construction machinery industry, as one of the important industries in the equipment industry, involves national industrial and economic security, and its basic parts are self

recently, in the interview and investigation of the construction machinery industry, it was found that the production of key parts in most of China's construction machinery enterprises is still controlled by others. Relevant experts said that as one of the important industries in the equipment industry, the construction machinery industry involves national industrial and economic security, and the independent research and development of its basic components urgently needs the policy support of relevant national departments

the industry as a whole has been "choked"

in recent years, China's construction machinery industry has made remarkable achievements through independent innovation and the implementation of the "going out" strategy. In 2007, the sales revenue of the industry was 200billion yuan, of which the export volume was 64billion yuan (the trade surplus reached 24billion yuan), which has increased nearly 40 times in 10 years. Therefore, China has become an international construction machinery manufacturing base equal to the United States, Japan and the European Union

but behind the rapid development of the industry, a fact that cannot be ignored is that the production of key parts in China is still controlled by others, resulting in a situation of low profits and lack of core competitiveness of products. According to the calculation of China Construction Machinery Association, the gap between China's construction machinery industry and the international advanced level is about 15 years. The fundamental reason is that the technical level of key parts is not high and the reliability of use is not strong

long Guojian, vice chairman of the Hunan CPPCC and chairman of the supervisory board of Zoomlion, told that there are six key supporting technologies that restrict the industry: power shift gearbox, wet brake drive axle, hydraulic pump and motor, slewing ring, integral multi-path cutting gate, and four-wheel belt research and development manufacturing technology. "This" unless the government has specific measures and policies, some technologies and manufacturing are mastered or controlled by foreign countries, China's construction machinery industry will inevitably be 'blocked'. "

70% of the profits are "eaten" by imported parts

according to the statistics of Hunan Mechanical Engineering Association, among the host products produced by 29 construction machinery enterprises above Designated Size in Hunan, the import cost of parts and components accounts for more than 40% of the manufacturing cost. According to the relevant person in charge of XCMG group, in 2007, XCMG earned foreign exchange of 500million US dollars, while it spent about 300million US dollars to buy foreign parts. Foreign parts accounted for 40% of the sales of export products, but accounted for 70 ~ 80% of the profits

according to the information provided by the China Construction Machinery Industry Association, since 2007, due to the price rise of foreign enterprises for parts, about 70% of the profits of Chinese construction machinery enterprises have been "eaten" by imported parts

hanxuesong, President of China Construction Machinery Association, said that in order to obtain relevant parts, some enterprises had to send special purchasing personnel to wait in the factories of foreign suppliers; In order to reduce the loss of lost time, some enterprises often airlift raw materials, which greatly increases the cost; Some enterprises have to readjust the production schedule and plan due to the lack of relevant parts and components, which makes it difficult to complete the order production

Xiang Wenbo, President of Sany Heavy Industry, said that as one of the important industries in the equipment industry, the basic parts of the construction machinery industry are so dependent on imports, which is not conducive to national industrial and economic security, national economic development and national defense construction

how to solve the dilemma of "parts"

it is understood that there are two main reasons for the low technical level of parts in the domestic construction machinery industry. First, the parts manufacturers are mainly small and medium-sized enterprises, lack of enterprise groups with independent intellectual property rights, outstanding main business, with an average annual growth rate of more than 24% and strong core competitiveness, and there is a big gap with international giants; Second, the main engine manufacturers do not pay enough attention to the production and R & D of supporting parts. Most enterprises focus on the development and production of main engines, and the development of parts is slow

in this regard, relevant experts said that as early as 2006, the State Council issued the "several opinions on revitalizing the equipment manufacturing industry", which put forward requirements and objectives for construction machinery, general mechanical equipment and some electronic components, but the "opinions" was considered by many construction machinery enterprises as "insufficient policy support and insufficient financial support"

"based on the domestic scientific research and technology level, it is not that high-level hydraulic components and other basic parts cannot be developed and produced, but that there is no resource integration." Zhan Chunxin, chairman of Zoomlion, believes that the development and Reform Commission and the industry association can be divided into three types: manual, fully active and microcomputer controlled: under the guidance and coordination of the spring change testing scope meeting of the experimental machine, the industry's advantageous resources are concentrated. In recent years, the demand for biodegradable materials in developed countries such as Europe and the United States has maintained a rapid growth, promoting cooperation between enterprises, especially between mainframe manufacturers and parts suppliers, We will strengthen independent innovation and jointly achieve breakthroughs in the basic parts industry

he Qinghua, chairman of Shanhe intelligent, said that because these key components belong to basic industries, with large investment, long cycle, slow efficiency and certain risks, "to solve this problem, the competent government departments need to issue relevant incentive policies"

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